As a citizen or permanent resident of Canada you may sponsor your family members to immigrate to Canada. The government of Canada emphasizes the importance of reuniting many Canadian families with their loved ones. Family members who wish to become permanent residents of Canada are invited and join the resident who is sponsoring them. Applicants in this category are NOT required to meet the points-system selection. All that is necessary is a relative who can provide evidence of being related to the applicant and is willing to sponsor them.
Sponsorship in Canada: Family Class Immigration Application
Family members you be able to sponsor:
- Spouses, same-sex partners, common-law, and conjugal partners above the age of 16.
- Parents and grandparents.
- Dependent children and kids under guardianship.
- Any siblings, nephews, nieces or grandchildren, who are orphans (below the age of 18) and currently not married or in a common-law relationship.
- Sponsors and Cosponsors.
Sponsors accept legal obligation to assist the applicant with the process, and to meet minimum income requirements.
Sponsors are in charge of their applicants, they must support family members and their dependents after their arrival in Canada. Sponsors and co-sponsors must be over the age of 19 and residing in Canada. If Canadian citizens, they must prove they plan on returning with the relative sponsored to Canada. The amount of time during which you must promise to support a relative varies between three to twenty years. Ensure that your family members will not seek the financial support of the government, otherwise authorities may take legal action.
As the sponsor, you must be able to provide family members with all of the basic necessities required to live with you in Canada. This obligation can extend to married and common-law partners, who themselves are permanent residents or Canadian citizens as co-sponsors. Co-sponsors assume the same responsibilities and obligations as the sponsor, and must also sign the application forms for sponsorship.
Any exceptions to who can be a sponsor?
Unfortunately, not all Canadian citizens and permanent residents qualify to sponsor family members. Individuals who are not permitted to be a sponsor include:
- Those who are currently in prison;
- Those who have defaulted on an immigration specific loan;
- Those who have declared bankruptcy and are yet to be released from it;
- Those who receive government financial assistance, other than disability;
- Those who failed to provide financial support to a previously sponsored family member;
- Those who defaulted on court-ordered financial support (alimony or child support);
- Those who have committed a serious criminal offense.
It’s highly critical the parent or grandparent whom you are sponsoring must also meet certain requirements to be eligible for the family sponsorship program. One such requirement is making sure that he or she does not have any criminal record. If they do, it would be best to overcome their criminal record before you begin the application process for them.
The laws for adopting a child from abroad require following proper government procedures. Some adoptive parents are permitted to bring their child to Canada using the citizenship process, while others must use the immigration process. It’s needed to note – you MUST complete the adoption process before you may bring your child to live with you in Canada. For further process requirements, please contact our office.
Scheduling an Immigration Medical Examination (IME) is a requirement. The medical examination is for the applicant and their dependents. It must be administered by an accredited physician approved by IRCC to verify these tests.
Authentication of Identity Documents
Personal documentation must be notarized, officers should examine the documents submitted as proof. Where additional clearances are required, applicants may need to consult Consulates, Embassies and High Commissions.
Departure from Canada (Emigrants)
A Permanent Resident of Canada is free to leave the country to travel. However, in order to meet residency rules, the individual must provide physical documentation of living in Canada for two years after they had initially arrived. To be exempt from this rule includes:
- Being a permanent resident child, accompanying a Canadian citizen parent;
- The permanent resident holder is employed on a full-time basis by the public service of a Canadian province, the Public Service of Canada or a Canadian company.
A Permanent Resident may lose their status if he or she fails to follow residency obligations. When a Permanent Resident does not complete residency duties, a departure order may be issued. This order requires the individual to leave Canada. The decision may be appealed within 30 days of receiving the court order.
Federal Court of Appeal
The Immigration Appeal Division (IAD) hears appeals on any immigration related matters. If an Immigration officer determines an application for Sponsorship unfit, the sponsor and the applicant will be given in writing, the reasons for the refusal. For more information on the application process, please contact our office.